Focus Application: Road Roller

A hydraulic circuit for a road roller typically includes various components that work together to control the movement and operation of the roller. The hydraulic system is responsible for providing the necessary power to drive the roller, control its direction, and manage other functions. Here is a simplified explanation of a basic hydraulic circuit for a road roller:

  • Hydraulic Pump: The hydraulic pump is responsible for generating the flow of hydraulic fluid. It is typically driven by the engine of the road roller.
  • Reservoir: The hydraulic fluid reservoir stores the hydraulic oil. It also helps to dissipate heat and allows air bubbles to rise out of the fluid.
  • Directional Control Valve: This valve controls the direction of hydraulic fluid flow, determining whether it goes to the hydraulic motors for forward or reverse motion.
  • Hydraulic Motors: These are the components that receive the pressurized hydraulic fluid and convert it into rotary motion to drive the wheels of the road roller. There is usually a motor for each wheel.
  • Cylinder for Drum Control: The road roller’s drum is often controlled by a hydraulic cylinder. This cylinder adjusts the pressure on the drum to control compaction.
  • Pressure Relief Valve: This valve protects the hydraulic system from overpressure by diverting excess fluid back to the reservoir.
  • Filter: The hydraulic fluid passes through a filter to remove contaminants and ensure the smooth operation of the system.
  • Pressure Gauge: A pressure gauge may be included to monitor the hydraulic pressure within the system.

Here’s a simple description of how the circuit works:

The hydraulic pump draws hydraulic fluid from the reservoir and pressurizes it.

The directional control valve determines the direction of fluid flow, controlling whether the road roller moves forward or backward.

The hydraulic fluid is directed to the hydraulic motors, which drive the wheels to move the road roller.

The hydraulic cylinder for drum control adjusts the pressure on the drum, controlling its compaction force.


Discover more about our latest news regarding hydraulic components and system for construction machinery at EXCON 2023

We are waiting for you at our booth

📅 December 12th to 16th, 2023

📍 Bangalore, India

Booth Number: LOWER LEVEL HALL 3, STAND A47/48

Stay updated on all the news

Stay updated on all the news